UV Water Purifier (UltraViolet) – Pros and Cons Explained!

Once Upon a time, Water used to be fresh, pure and Drinkable. Due to the different kinds of selfish activities done by us, we pollute Water, Air, and Food.

We can not control the air we breathe, but we can drink completely pure water. Say thanks to Water purifiers!

The Water we get from Wells, rivers, and ponds contains a lot of Bacteria, Virus, Cysts, inorganic elements, Dissolved Salts and Heavy Metals.

Examples of the Heavy Metals in the Water include Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Arsenic, and thallium. All of these heavy metals have five times more gravity than that of the water.

Even the Tap water we get from the Municipal Corporation contains a lot of Bacteria and other harmful elements. Drinking Pure Water is a must, and the pure water is acknowledged as the world’s first and foremost medicine.

But all these impurities can be removed by the water purifiers. In India, the three most widely used water purifiers are Reverse Osmosis Purifier, UltraViolet Water Purifier, and UltraFiltration Purifier.

In this post, I am going to talk about the Ultraviolet Water Purifier and the Pros and Cons of it.

In the Previous post, I have covered about the Reverse Osmosis Water Purifiers and UF Ultrafiltration

What is a UV Water Purifier?

The Ultraviolet (UV) Purifier uses the UV Rays to kill the Bacteria, Cysts and other viruses present in the water.

But After Killing them, the Dead Bodies remain in the water. Most of the UV Water Purification systems comes with a Saftey Mechanism, and the power does not leak out when there is no water around the UV Bulb.

When the Water Flows around the UV Bulb, It kills all the Bacteria and Viruses present in the water, and you are ensured to drink the purified and safe water.

These Ultraviolet rays enter through the cells of the bacteria and viruses and destroy them thereby stopping them from reproducing in the water.

The UV Water Purifiers have a simplistic yet powerful purification process and the UV Rays kill 99.99% of the germs present in the water.

The Bulb that is located in the Water Purifier produces the Ultra Violet Light, which kills the Bacteria. A Quartz Glass sleeve is placed around the Bulb, which blocks Direct contact with the water.

The UV Water Purifier requires electricity to operate, and it uses the same amount of power that is utilized by a 40 Watt Bulb.

You can also connect your UV Water purifier to a UPS or inverter if there is a power Outage.

RO Water Purifier vs UV Water Purifier

The UV Water Purifier uses Ultraviolet rays whereas the Reverse Osmosis Purifier uses membranes to purify the water. Both of them employ a very different process to clean the water.

As I mentioned earlier, the UV Purifier only kills the Bacteria and cysts present in the water but their bodies remain in the water, and separate filters are required to remove them.

But In RO Purifier, All the Bacteria and Viruses are Killed and removed from the water.

The UV and UF Purifiers can not remove the Dissolved Salts present in the Water.

The water which contains more TDS level is not suitable for Drinking. The Reverse Osmosis purifiers can remove all the Dissolved salts present in the Water, which is not possible in the UV purifier.

If you are not sure about the TDS levels found in the Water, You can opt for the RO Water Purifier that comes with a TDS Controller or Mineralizer.

Merits of using Ultraviolet Water Purifiers

  • Ultraviolet radiation destroys up to 99.99% of harmful bacteria and viruses in the water without adding any chemicals. Otherwise, people use disinfectants like chlorine to kill these microorganisms.
  • The absence of chemicals like chlorine ensures that water taste does not change.
  • Ultraviolet water purification is the most effective way to kill microorganisms without boiling the water.
  • This water purification method requires little energy to function. A UV water purifier does not consume more power than what a 60W bulb does.
  • Maintaining UV water purifier is easy. You can change the UV bulb annually and forget about it as the appliance goes on with its job of purifying water.
  • UV water purifiers are environmentally friendly.
  • The best aspect of UV water purifiers is that they are compatible with water purification procedures, like Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration, etc.
  • UV water purifiers never waste any water as the RO water purifiers do.

We have discussed the advantages of UV water purifiers. Here are some demerits of this purification method that are worth considering.

Drawbacks of Using Ultraviolet water purifiers

  • Though UV water purifiers eliminate bacterial and viral contamination, they are ineffective when it comes to removing heavy salt impurities like chlorine, and other metals like arsenic, antimony, lead, etc.
  • UV water purifiers cannot eliminate volatile organic compounds. Hence, they cannot improve the taste of source water.
  • UV water purifiers work on electricity. If there is no power supply, these water purifiers are useless.
  • The significant disadvantage of UV light is that you cannot turn it off. You have to switch off the machine entirely. Besides, the UV light is invisible. Hence, you might not know whether the device is performing correctly or not. Therefore, these water purifiers come with UV fail alarms to indicate that the appliance is out of order.
  • Ultraviolet water purifiers kill the microorganisms but do not remove their dead bodies. Hence, these machines require an additional filter layer to get rid of these contaminants.

Final Words

Ultraviolet water purifiers are generally inexpensive and easy to set up. Changing the UV bulb is also not an issue at all. It does not require the services of a technician.

Hence, these water purifiers have become popular all over India, especially in cities like Mumbai, where the source water is soft and does not contain harsh chemicals or TDS. The only contaminant such water accumulates is bacteria and viruses on the way from the source to the destination through pipes.

UV water purifiers are generally used as supplementary purification devices in areas having TDS and other impurities. They work in combination with other filtration procedures like RO water purifiers.

If the TDS levels in the water source is below 400ppm, you can choose the UV Water Filter.

IF you have any Queries regarding the UV Purifiers, feel free to ask me by commenting in the comments section below, and I’ll answer them 🙂

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