Here is a Quick Comparison table for RO, UV, and UF Water Purification technologies
|RO Water Purifier||UV Water Purifier||UF Water Purifier|
|Requires Electricity to operate||Requires Electricity to operate||No Electricity required|
|Filters all the Bacteria and Viruses from the Water.||Kills all Bacteria and Viruses but their Dead Bodies remain in the Water.||Filters all the Bacteria and Viruses from the Water.|
|Requires Electricity to Boost the Tap Water Pressure||UV Water Purifiers can work with Normal Tap Water Pressure.||UF Water Purifiers can work with Normal Tap Water Pressure.|
|Can Removes the Dissolved Salts and Metals||Cannot remove Dissolved Salts and Metals||Cannot remove Dissolved Salts and Metals|
|Size of membrane: 0.0001 Micron||No membrane||Size of membrane: 0.01 Micron|
|Suitable For High TDS Water above 300ppm||Suitable for Low TDS Water below 300ppm.||Suitable for Low TDS Water below 300ppm.|
Water purifiers use different technologies to purify water. Much depends on the type of contaminants in the source water. So, you must be careful when selecting the ideal water purifier for your home.
A wide range of choices, including RO, UV, and UF, is available. This article compares the different technologies and helps you select the best water purifier.
Consider the following real-life situations.
A – Households in coastal areas depending on groundwater OR people living in industrial areas and depending on river water or wells for their water consumption requirements.
Groundwater has high TDS or salt deposits, making it unfit for direct consumption. Besides, people living in industrial areas contend with heavy metal impurities in their water sources. These impurities include mercury, lead, and arsenic.
Water with TDS levels over 300 ppm (500 ppm as per Indian safety standards) is not fit for human consumption. Since these contaminants are dissolved in water, boiling the water or using other water purification methods is insufficient to remove the impurities. Reverse osmosis is the only solution under such circumstances. Therefore, such people must use RO water purifiers.
B – City residents who have access to RO-purified water from municipalities or water with low TDS levels
Many municipalities or gated communities in cities have RO water purification plants to purify water before supplying it to their residents. Under such circumstances, the water can collect impurities from rusted pipes on its way to the homes. Therefore, the water can have suspended contaminants that require ultrafiltration. Therefore, UF water purifiers are ideal for such homes.
C – People depending on water sources with high chances of contamination by human or animal waste
Water contaminated by human or animal waste contains high levels of harmful microorganisms, bacteria, and disease-causing viruses. Ultraviolet water purification is perfect for such homes because UV radiation can kill these microorganisms and ensure pure, hygienic water for consumption.
These three real-life situations give you a fair idea of which water purification technology is ideal for purifying water for human consumption.
Reverse Osmosis vs Ultraviolet Radiation vs Ultrafiltration
Water contamination can be of different types. For example, it can include suspended contaminants or dissolved impurities and salts. In addition, there could be microbial contamination. Accordingly, you can select the ideal water purification technology.
The choice of water purifier depends on the nature of the contaminants in the water source.
RO water purifier
- Check the TDS levels before selecting your water purifier. If the TDS levels exceed 500 ppm, you can use an RO water purifier straightaway.
- If the TDS levels are less than 500 ppm, but the water has heavy metal impurities, an RO water purifier is the ideal solution.
UF water purifier
- If TDS levels are less than 500 ppm and the water source has mud, dirt, or other visible suspended impurities, we recommend using a UF water purifier.
UV water purifier
- A UV water purifier is best suited for purifying water with low TDS levels, no suspended impurities, and high chances of bacterial contamination.
Frequently Asked Questions
No. RO is a better water purification technology because it can deal with dissolved contaminants, whereas UF can handle suspended impurities alone.
RO is the most efficient among the three water purification technologies because it can remove dissolved impurities and make the water hygienic.
RO membranes have a pore size between 0.0001 to 0.0002 microns, whereas the pore size in UF membranes is bigger at 0.001 to 0.002 microns.
No. UF cannot remove dissolved salts from water.
No. RO membranes cannot kill bacteria and viruses but prevent them from passing through if their size exceeds 0.0001 microns.
RO water purifiers work best with UV radiation because UV can kill pathogens and make the water hygienic. In addition, RO water purification can trap the dead bodies of bacteria and viruses and prevent them from contaminating the water.
It depends on the water source. Generally, an RO plus UV water purifier is the best.
No. RO water does not have essential minerals like calcium, magnesium, etc. Hence, it is not suitable for daily consumption.
RO membranes are expensive and difficult to maintain. Besides, these water purifiers require water to flow at a specific pressure. So, it can require the installation of a separate pressure pump.
No. UV and UF water purification does not result in water wastage, whereas all RO water purifiers do.